By the end of 1960, racial segregation prevailed in the US, especially in the south. That is, people of different skin color have been separated in many areas of daily life. Rosa Parks successfully campaigned for the abolition of this racial segregation.
Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913 in Alabama (USA). She worked actively for the civil rights movement, which inter alia promoted the equality of blacks. She became famous for her arrest in 1955.
The segregation of race also prevailed in the public buses at that time. The front four rows were for whites only. The middle rows were allowed to use colored people though. However, if a white passenger wanted to sit down there, all the colored people had to go to the back of the bus, which was designed exclusively for them.
On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks sat in one of the middle rows of a bus when a white passenger just wanted to sit there. Actually, Rosa should have gotten up and had to go to the back, but this time she refused. She was arrested, charged, and fined $ 14 for "disturbing public peace."
Their arrest eventually led to the so-called "Montgomery Bus Boycott". The colored people did not go by bus at that time, but walked or formed carpools. Colored taxi drivers lowered their prices to support this action. The Colored people in the US wanted to show that they disagree with racial segregation. Organizations were established and a lawsuit against racial segregation was filed with the Federal Court. On November 13, 1956, this ruled that racial segregation in Alabama's buses was banned. That was a decisive victory for the black civil rights movement and the trigger for many more protests.
Rosa Parks died on October 24, 2005 at the age of 92. But her story was not forgotten. On November 16, 2005, the US Senate ruled that Rosa Parks was the first American colored woman to be honored with a statue in the US Capitol building.