Sir James Paul McCartney is an English musician, singer and songwriter. He gained a great reputation as a member of the Beatles, which continue to be one of the most commercially successful bands in music history with an estimated more than a billion records sold. Although the songwriting collaboration between John Lennon and Paul McCartney was one of the most prolific of all time, Beatle's Beatle also made a successful solo career. This biography below describes the life of the "attractive Beatle".
James Paul McCartney was born on 18 June 1942 in the English port of Liverpool. He was the child of the Irish-born, volunteer firefighter James "Jim" McCartney and his wife Mary.
The young Paul was a diligent student, who in 1953 gained admission to the prestigious "Liverpool Institute". A year later, McCartney met the younger George Harrison in the school bus and a friendship developed between the two students.
In 1956 Paul McCartney was hit by a fatal blow: his mother died of an embolism. This early loss later made for an emotional connection to John Lennon, who also had to cope with the early death of his mother.
His father James had an early musical influence on his son. The trumpet player and pianist encouraged Paul to turn to music and take piano lessons; however, the future Beatle preferred to learn the instrument by ear. On his 14th birthday, he was given a trumpet, which he exchanged for an acoustic guitar - with popular rock 'n' roll.
In 1957, Paul McCartney met John Lennon at a church festival who founded the group "The Quarrymen." After a short time, the future Beatle joined the band as a rhythm guitarist. It is also thanks to Paul McCartney that his only 14-year-old friend George Harrison - despite reservations from John Lennon - was able to enrich the group as lead guitarist. Stuart Sutcliffe and Pete Best completed the quintet.
Shortly thereafter, in 1960, the band played - now they called themselves "The Beatles" regular concerts in a Hamburg nightclub on the Reeperbahn. Already in the following year the career of the band finally gained momentum and the Beatles returned to Hamburg, as a backing band of Tony Sheridan, back. Meanwhile, Stuart Sutcliffe had left the band and McCartney took over the bass; Pete Best was replaced by Ringo Starr. Through her new manager Brian Epstein, the band could finally complete a record deal with the label EMI.
At the latest with the release of the debut album "Please Please Me" the whole of the UK fell for "Beatlemania". The collaboration of John Lennon and Paul McCartney contributed much of the tracks, laying the foundation for one of the most successful songwriting collaborations in music history. Noteworthy early successes were z. B: "She Loves You" or "Can not Buy Me Love". The media reported McCartney as the "attractive Beatle," who acted as a figurehead alongside Lennon. The Beatles conquered the USA in 1964 and continued to ride on the wave of success.
With the McCartney composition "Yesterday" followed in 1956 a musical milestone in the band's history. The single contained not only as the first Beatles recording classical music elements, but was also the first production for which only a single band member took over the responsibility. "Yesterday" is still one of the most covered songs in music history.
Paul McCartney began outdoing the musical genius of John Lennon as a composer and refined the following Beatles titles with more musical depth. This development can be well understood in the 1965 and 1966 albums "Rubber Soul" and "Revolver", which represented great leaps in musical band development.
Within the Beatles, certain tensions developed due to personal (musical) developments. The "attractive Beatle" convinced his bandmates to start a new alias project, which will be shown in "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club album resulted. Under this project, the band members were able to experiment and present their developed, mature sound to their audience.
Due to the death of her manager Brian Epstein, the band fell in 1967 in a hole. Paul McCartney wanted to close the resulting gap and became the de facto leader of the band. Under his direction, the planned film "Magical Mystery Tour" was implemented. Although this was the first negative reviews einfuhr, the same soundtrack was successful.
In 1968, the Beatles founded the company "Apple Corps Ltd", the various business sectors such. As the record label "Apple Records" or the film studio "Apple Films" included. While the other three members of the band wanted to use the businessman Allen Klein as manager and band manager, McCartney blocked this decision. Finally, he was passed over and Allen Allen engaged.
It was followed by other publications, of which especially "The Beatles", "Let It Be" and "Abbey Road" are worth mentioning. In March 1969 Paul McCartney married Linda Eastman and in August of the same year her first child Mary was born.
After more and more disagreements between the band members prevailed, left Lennon tacitly 1969 the Beatles. On April 10, 1970 Paul McCartney announced his departure from the legendary group and released simultaneously exploiting the media interest, his solo debut album "McCartney". It was followed by a variety of lawsuits around the dissolution, "Apple Corps" and their manager Allen Klein, which should employ the courts until the late eighties.
Paul McCartney's solo album "McCartney" was - apart from some vocals of his wife Linda - a sole production of the former Beatles. In his next album "Ram", released in 1971, he was again supported by his wife and additional support by the drummer Denny Seiwell. Together with the guitarist Denny Laine, this group joined together to the band "Wings". In the same year Paul's second daughter Stella was born.
With Henry McCullough, another guitarist, on board in 1972 began the first concert tour of universities and smaller event halls in the UK. This was followed by a tour of Europe, where almost exclusively "Wings" title and McCartney own compositions were played.
The following year, the band released the successful album "Red Rose Speedway", which included the hit single "My Love". The successful song "Live and Let Die" was the theme tune of the eponymous James Bond film and was even nominated for an Oscar. After the departure of Henry McCullough and Denny Seiwell "Wings" published in December 1973, the first of seven Platinum albums "Band on the Run". This album topped both the US and UK charts, was one of the decade's best-selling releases and won two Grammy awards.
In 1975, the next success album "Venus and Mars" followed and the band began a 14-month world tour. Unlike in the previous tours, the band also played some Beatles songs this time. The albums "Wings over America" and "Wings at the Speed of Sound" followed in the following year.
A year later, McCartney's third child, her son James, saw the light of day. In November 1977, the single "Mull of Kintyre", which became one of the best-selling singles in British music history and the most successful publication of the solo career of the former Beatles.
The following albums "London Town" (1978) and "Back to the Egg" (1979) received mixed reviews, but were commercially successful. The band finally broke up in 1981, as McCartney devoted himself to other creative processes.
"McCartney II", the second solo album of the former Beatle, appeared in 1980 and was again produced completely independently.
In 1982, McCartney and Stevie Wonder collaborated. The result was the number one hit "Ebony and Ivory", which became part of Paul's album "Tug of War". Together with Michael Jackson he worked on titles like "The Girl Is Mine" and "Say, Say, Say". The latter single was released on the album "Pipes of Peace" in 1983 and is McCartney's last US number one single.
"Give My Regards to Broad Street," a 1984 musical film in which Paul McCartney and Ringo Starr acted, was ripped apart by critics. The album, however, was commercially successful. The following year, Paul was part of the benefit spectacle Live-Aid, which consisted of two simultaneous concerts and was broadcast worldwide.
In the following years, several more albums followed releases: "Press to Play" (1986), "Choba B CCCP" (1988) - which was published only in the Soviet Union - and "Flowers in the Dirt" (1989). He also reworked the single "Ferry Cross the Mersey" for the Hillsborough Disaster donation fund with Gerry Marsden and Holly Johnson.
In September 1989, Paul McCartney went on a world tour with newly formed band. He performed in front of 184,000 spectators in the world famous "Maracana Stadium" in Rio de Janeiro. The tour earned great commercial success.
In 1991, Paul McCartney experimented with orchestral music. He produced the work "Liverpool Oratorio", which opera singer and the Liverpool Philharmonic orchestra began. Despite weak reviews, the piece was performed worldwide. In the same year, the former Beatle appeared on "MTV Unplugged" and played a corresponding acoustic set, which was published as an album under the name "Unplugged (The Official Bootleg)".
In 1993, together with Martin Glover (aka "Youth") McCartney formed the musical duo "the Fireman". Their electronic album "Strawberries Oceans Ships Forest" was released later that year. The bustling "attractive Beatle" also released the rock album "Off the Ground" and launched another world tour. The following year, work began on the "Beatles Anthology" compilation, along with former band members George Harrison and Ringo Starr.
With "Flaming Pie" followed in 1997, the next rock album. In the same year appeared with the classical work "Standing Stone", which could conquer the classical charts, another publication. A special honor Paul McCartney was part of this year, since he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
In 1998, his wife Linda died of cancer. Despite this heavy blow of fate, the second electronic album "Rushes" of the "Fireman" grouping was released. Motivated by his late wife Linda album "Run Devil Run", which mainly consisted of cover versions, was published a year later. In the same year also the classic album "Working Classical" appeared.
In the Millennium year Paul McCartney published together with Martin Glover and the group "Super Furry Animals" the electronic work "Liverpool Sound Collage"; a collage of electronic music, spherical sounds and synthesizers. For the tribute album to his deceased wife "A Garland for Linda" he contributed the song "Nova".
Even in the new millennium, Paul McCartney did not calm down a bit. Struck by the devastating attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, he was involved in the charity concert "The Concert for New York City," which included: World stars such as "The Who", Mick Jagger, David Bowie, Elton John or Bon Jovi participated. McCartney also wrote the moving song "Freedom", which appeared on the album "Driving Rain". With this album in the luggage, the former Beatle made in 2002 on a major world tour. The commercially extremely successful tour was published in late 2002 / early 2003 under various names as a live album in addition.
Paul McCartney married Heather Mills in July 2002; the daughter Beatrice Milly was born a year later. In November 2002, on the first anniversary of the death of the former Beatles George Harrison, Paul McCartney performed at his charity concert "Concert for George".
McCartney also remained media presenter in the following years. He appeared in 2002 and 2005 respectively in the program of the legendary American Super Bowl. On the 20th anniversary of the charity spectacle Live Aid the former Beatle supported the new edition "Live 8". In September of the same year followed the release of the rock album "Chaos and Creation in the Backyard".
In 2006, McCartney split from his second wife Heather Mills. Musically followed the classic album "Ecce Cor Meum" (2006), the rock album "Memory Almost Full" (2008) and the third album of the "Fireman" duo: "Electric Arguments" (2008).
As part of a preparation of the Beatles works directed by the former record label EMI in 2009, the first Beatles video game was released: "The Beatles: Rock Band", in whose creation and promotion also Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney were involved. This year, the former Beatle played three concerts in New York City in the newly built "Citi Field" stadium, which was published as a live album "Good Evening New York City" in the same year.
With "Ocean's Kingdom", the "attractive Beatle" 2011, commissioned by the "New York City Ballet", developed a classic staging that was also released as an eponymous album. In the same year he married Nancy Shevell.
One year later, the jazz album "Kisses on the Bottom" followed. McCartney continued to perform on major tours, concerts and events. Some noteworthy examples are: Queen Elizabeth II's "Diamond Jubilee Concert," the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics, his appearance at the 54th Grammy Awards ceremony, and his appearance with three former "Nirvana" members at the charity concert for the victims Hurricane Sandy.
The most recent studio album McCartney's "New" was released in 2013. The following year, the former Beatle had to cancel his sold-out concert tour of Japan because of health problems and postponed his concerts in the US. He finally continued the tour with an energetic three-hour set. With "Hope for the Future" he composed the credits for the video game "Destiny".
Looking at the musical career of Paul McCartney and the development of "The Quarrymen" on the Beatles and "Wings" to his latest publications, one thing is certain: McCartney was very active and diligent. Over a period of more than 50 years, the former Beatle regularly publishes new material even today; McCartney seems to be tireless.
Although the "attractive Beatle" is an avowed vegetarian, advocates for animal rights, is committed to combating landmines and saving the Arctic while contributing material to many charities, musical productions and experimentation did not stop there the way. The former Beatle - despite professed cannabis consumption - established a role model and managed his artistic activities businesslike. Over the years, Paul McCartney has skillfully used his business talent and now holds the rights to more than 25,000 publications, corporate interests in Apple Corps and MPL Communications. His tours and concerts are among the most profitable in the music industry.
Therefore, it is not surprising that the capable Paul McCartney should have an estimated fortune of 650,000,000 US dollars. He is still considered one of the most successful composers and performers of all time with more than 60 Golden records and over 100 million singles and albums sold.
Even with over 70 years he is still an absolute world star.