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Who is Karl Marx?

Who is Karl Marx?

Contrary to popular opinion, Karl Marx was not the inventor of communism, but the founder of Marxism - probably the best-known form of communism. The descendant of a rabbi family was born on 5 May 1818 in Trier and grew up in times of early industrialization. During this time, the working class struggled with exploitation by factory owners. This shaped Marx and his later work.

In 1835 Marx graduated from high school in Trier and studied from then on law, philosophy and history in Bonn and Berlin. During his studies, he also dealt extensively with Hegelian philosophy, whose dialectics he later absorbed and changed. Or, in his words, reversed. After he was awarded the doctor of philosophy in Jena in 1841, but the Prussian government denied him the professorship, he worked from 1842 until the prohibition of the newspaper in 1843 as an editor of the opposition "Rheinische Zeitung".

In 1843, Marx married Jenny von Westphalen, whom he had known since childhood. In the same year they emigrated to Paris, where the cooperation and friendship of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels began. On Prussia's side, Marx was expelled from France in 1845. He then emigrated to Brussels and gave the Prussian citizenship. From then on Marx lived as a stateless person. Two years later he founded with Engels the German workers' association, through which he came in connection with the "League of Communists" in London. For this Marx and Engels wrote the "Communist Manifesto".

After the outbreak of the March Revolution, Marx launched a second attempt with the "Neue Rheinische Zeitung" in Cologne in 1848, which, however, failed in 1949 with the definitive expulsion of Marx from Germany. From then on Marx lived in England. There he was from 1852 London correspondent of the "New York Tribune". For this he wrote analyzes of the political and economic situation of European countries, until it was terminated in 1862. He also wrote at this time "The 18th Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte" (1852) and "The Critique of Political Economy" (1859).

Between 1864 and 1872 he was active in the "International Workers' Association" (also known as the 1st International). The association campaigned for the "protection, promotion and emancipation" of the working class. The first book of capital was published by Marx in 1867. The second and third books were published by Engels after Marx's death.

From 1868, the manufacturer's son Engels took over the entire financing of Marx's household and enabled Marx, hitherto indebted, to concentrate on his work. The Social Democratic Workers Party - a preface of the SPD - was founded in 1869 by Wilhelm Liebknecht in conjunction with Marx. In 1871 Marx published "The Civil War in France".

On 14.03.1883 he died at the age of 64 in England.