Born around 469 BC in Alopeke (near Athens) as the son of the sculptor Sophroniskos and the midwife Phaunarete.
Between 431 and 429 BC. He participated in the Peloponnesian War and was characterized by extraordinary bravery and tenacity.
404/403 BC (at the time of the reign of the 30 tyrants) Socrates refused to cooperate in a political assassination ordered by the tyrants.
Death in the year 399 BC in Athens by the poison cup.
Socrates did not leave anything in writing. His teachings and insights were mainly handed down by his disciples Plato (Sociology of Sociology) and Xenophon (The Feast of Communion, Socratic Memoirs).
As a philosopher he tried to persuade his fellow citizens to gain insight into the truth and honest conduct of life. He likened himself to a midwife: he can not give birth to thoughts, but instead he masters the art of helping others "deliver" them from the thoughts they carry. Since then, this art has been called maedicism (midwife art) whose essential tool is the question. Socrates decision and supplementary questions were mostly non-contentual; they served to influence the conversation process.
Socrates was drawn to the displeasure of so distressed: Due to alleged youth and disregard for the religious order, he was sentenced to death in a public Asebie trial (Asebie = godlessness) by the Athens Jury. Although Socrates' friends had bribed the prison guards, Socrates fled and died of poison the next day.
For explanation, Socrates told his friends that he had never fled because of imminent disaster and he would not give up this practice even after the verdict.