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WHAT IS? HISTORY

What is Troy?

What is Troy?

A Greek armada sails to the east. Their goal: to bring back to Troy abducted Helena, the most beautiful woman in the world, back to Greece. It is the beginning of the story of all stories, the most famous and oldest epic of world literature: the Iliad of Homer.

Competition of the Goddesses

Homer's works tell of the battle for Troy, the siege and demise of the legendary city of Asia Minor.

At the beginning of the legend about Troy is a contest of the Greek goddesses Aphrodite (goddess of love), Pallas Athena (goddess of wisdom) and Hera (wife of god father Zeus). The three argue about who is the most beautiful of them.

They appear to Paris, the youngest scion of the Trojan royal family, and question him with flattering words.

Paris decides on the beguiling Aphrodite, who promises him the most beautiful woman in the world as his wife. The goddesses rejected by Paris, on the other hand, are furious.

Robbery of Helena

One day, Paris is sailing from Troy, which is in Asia Minor (today's Turkey), to Greece, where it meets the most beautiful woman in the world. He is immediately in love with the beautiful Helena immortal. It does not take long and the beauty returns the feelings of the violently soliciting prince.

But Helena has already entered into a marriage. She is the wife of Menelaus, King of Sparta. Paris uses the king's absence and leads Helena away to Troy. But the Trojan prince not only kidnaps the king's wife, he also steals the treasures of Menelaus.

The Camp of the Greeks

The doubly deceived Menelaus is furious at such a blatant violation of the holy Greek hospitality law. He thirsts for revenge and goes to his brother Agamemnon, the most powerful king of the Greeks and ruler of Mycenae.

Agamemnon hurries to help the humbled brother and mobilizes a huge Greek armada under the leadership of the most outstanding fighters.

The brave Achill is one of the party, which is invulnerable to the heel all over the body. From Ithaca the cunning Odysseus joins in, and also the gigantic Ajax burns to go into the battle. The Greek fleet sets sail and heads for Asia Minor. A short time later, the Greeks go ashore at the gates of Troy.

The War for Troy

Paris has now reached with Helena Troy. His eldest brother Hector and his father Priam, the king of Troy, are extremely indignant over the thoughtless robbery of Helena. They rightly fear the revenge of Menelaus.

The Greeks have meanwhile pitched their tents on the beach and besiege the city of Troy. Finally, the war breaks out between the hostile peoples.

The battles weighed back and forth, sometimes the Trojans have the upper hand, sometimes the Greeks are stronger. For a real decisive battle does not come for the time being. Time is coming and soon the war is going on for ten years.

But not only humans fight in this war. The greek world of gods looks down spellbound from Olympus at the tumult of war.

And although Godfather Zeus has forbidden any interference "from above", the immortals take sides and playfully interfere in the war. Apollo fights on the side of the Trojans, he provides for the plague in the camp of the Greeks.

Apollo is supported by Aphrodite, who acts as protector of Paris. On the other hand, Athena, Hera and the god of the sea Poseidon fight on the part of the Greeks.

The Grudge of Achilles

The most famous hero in the Greek camp is Achill. When Agamemnon one day takes away the captured slave Briseis, to whom the hero feels attracted, Achilles retreats angrily and in his honor injured from the battle.

But his friend Patroclus can no longer watch the Greeks lose ground in the war because Achilles, the invincible, refuses to lead the army.

Patroclus puts on the armor of Achilles and leads the Greeks back into battle against the Trojans. But Hector holds Patroclus for Achill and puts him in a duel, Patroclus is subject and falls. Out of pain over the death of his friend, Achilles now challenges Hector to fight.

Hector is the greatest hero in the Trojan camp. But in the fight against the terrible Achilles he has no chance.

Hector is killed by Achilles, but dying he predicts that his brother Paris will one day kill him in battle. The prophecy actually fills up later and Achilles dies of a poisoned arrow from the Paris that hits him in the heel. It is Apollo himself who directs the arrow of Paris directly into the vulnerable heel of Achilles.

The Decline of Troy

The Greeks do not get any further, the war now lasts ten years and the great heroes of the Greek army are dead. Then the cunning Odysseus has the idea to build a huge wooden horse, which will be presented to the Trojans as a winner. The Greeks pretend to give up and retreat. But just the opposite is the case.

The bravest Greeks are hiding in the horse, which the Trojans unsuspectingly roll into their city as a loot of victory. At night, the Greeks climb out of the horse's belly and open the gates to their army. There is a terrible bloodbath: The Greeks kill King Priam and all Trojan warriors.

Troy is burned to the ground, women and children are enslaved. Helena returns to Menelaus, who, through Aphrodite's intervention, honors her as his wife.

Only a Trojan can escape, Aeneas, son of Aphrodite, who escapes with his old father Anchises on his back from the burning Troy. After many wanderings he finally reaches Lazio and becomes the progenitor of the Romans.

But this is another story, it was written by the famous Roman poet Virgil and went down in the history of literature as a founding myth of the city of Rome.